According to historical record, Kuantan had long been in existence since the beginning of 1850's. Kuantan started as a settlement in the 19th century. The implementation of the Local Government system in Kuantan was initiated on 1 August 1913 with the establishment of the Kuantan Sanitary Board that was responsible for hygiene, health and development control. In 1937, the Kuantan Sanitary Board was replaced by the Lembaga Bandaran Kuantan (Kuantan Town Board). After nearly 16 years of being administered under this system, Lembaga Bandaran Kuantan has been upgraded to Majlis Bandaran Kuantan (Kuantan Town Council) which covered an administrative area of 16 square km which is concentrated on the Mukim Kuala Kuantan.
Through historical records, Kuantan has existed since the early 1850s. The existence of Kuantan in the 19th century began as a settlement. The local government system was first implemented in Kuantan on 1 August 1913 with the establishment of the Kuantan Sanitary Board which was responsible for hygiene, health and development control. In 1937, the Kuantan Sanitary Board was replaced by the Kuantan Town Board. After almost 16 years under this system, the Kuantan Town Board has been upgraded to the Kuantan Town Council (Kuantan Town Council) with an administrative area of only 16 sq km which is focused on Kuala Kuantan Sub-District.
On 1 September 1979 again, the Kuantan Municipal Council was upgraded to the Kuantan Municipal Council (Kuantan Municipal Council) based on the Local Government Act (Act 171) which remains to this day. The administrative area of Kuantan Municipal Council has been expanded to 324 sq km which covers four sub-districts namely Kuala Kuantan, Ulu Kuantan, Beserah and Sungai Karang. This area is 10% of the total area of Kuantan city. Of that area, 20% is a taxable area provided by municipal services while the rest is a development area.
Kuantan terletak di Pantai Timur Semenanjung Malaysia di antara garis lintang 3° 49′ 0″ di utara dan garis bujur 102° 20′ 0″ di timur. Di bahagian timur ialah Laut Cina Selatan dengan panjang kawasan pantai 56 km (35 batu). Di sebelah barat ialah Daerah Maran dan Jerantut, di utara ialah Negeri Terengganu dan di selatan ialah Daerah Pekan.
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